Role of Health Education in Promoting Knowledge, to-wards Personal Hygiene Among Primary School Pupils in Umbada locality, Khartoum State, Sudan (2018 - 2020)


  • Mariam Saeed Ibrahim Essa Alemam Alhadi University
  • Magda Elhadi Ahmed Yousif University of Gezira
  • M.A. Abdalmagid Khartoum State Malaria Administration



Knowledge, health education, Personal hygiene, Umbada locality, Khartoum


Background: Personal hygiene is the behaviors that must be practiced in daily life, starting from morning to sleep time to protect our health.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the role of health education in promoting knowledge of personal hygiene among Primary School Pupils in Umbada locality, Khartoum State Sudan (2018 - 2020)

Materials and methods:  The study design an observational interventional study was conducted where a pre and post- assessment was done. Pre-test and post-test was used to determine the practices of hygiene among primary school Pupils in some selected schools of Umbada locality al emir unit. The targeted population was primary school Pupils in Government schools only.   The study populations were the pupils in the Primary public schools with a total number of 37850 Pupils (grade 5, grade 6 and grade7) distributed among 180 public primary schools in the locality. The sample size   consisted of (800) pupils during the period of the study.  A pre and post- questionnaire was carefully prepared, tested and directed to the pupils . It covers pupil’s age, sex, and the classroom. , source of water supply and latrine in the house there, and to obtain data regarding knowledge, attitude, and practices (as regards personal hygiene in both pre and post-intervention phases.  Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences SPSS Computer Program Version (19.0). 

Results:  The study revealed that the overall knowledge of pupils about personal hygiene was increase from 38.7% to 61.3% after intervention of health education packages.

Conclusion:   Due to gaps in many items of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding personal hygiene, there is need of  the proper health education intervention through framework of schools to the school children, for improvement regarding personal hygiene among them, throughout the nation. Health education has significant role in promoting knowledge of school pupils regarding personal hygiene.


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Author Biographies

Mariam Saeed Ibrahim Essa, Alemam Alhadi University

Lecturer, Alemam Alhadi University

Magda Elhadi Ahmed Yousif, University of Gezira

Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira

M.A. Abdalmagid, Khartoum State Malaria Administration

3Senior Public Health Specialist, Khartoum State Malaria Administration


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How to Cite

Essa, M. S. I. ., Yousif, M. E. A. ., & Abdalmagid, M. . (2022). Role of Health Education in Promoting Knowledge, to-wards Personal Hygiene Among Primary School Pupils in Umbada locality, Khartoum State, Sudan (2018 - 2020). ABC Research Alert, 10(3), 45–55.